The life and death of the Byzantine Emperor Romanian Diogenes

Byzantine Emperor Romanian Diogenes is one of the bets researched by Alpalrslan Great Seljuk audiences.

The Byzantine Emperor Romanian Diogenes wanted to stop the Turks’ incursions into Anatolia. He set off from Istanbul on March 13, 1071, with the army he gathered for this purpose. However, this expedition of Romanian Diogenes resulted in a tragedy for the Byzantine army in Manzikert.

Roman Diogenes, whose life and death were wondered about, a heavy defeat at the Battle of Manzikert.

Diogenes, who was a member of a Cappadocian family, was sentenced to death by drawing a mile in his eyes. . .

So who is the Byzantine Emperor Romejn Diogenes, where was he born, how did he die? Here are the curious ones. . .


Romanian Diogenes was born in 1030 as a member of the Cappadocian Diogenii family. His father’s name is Constantine Diogenes. His mother was Emperor III. Sister of Romanos Argyros.

Romanian Diogenes is probably the most well-known Byzantine Emperor in Turkish history, as he was at the head of the Byzantine armies in the Battle of Manzikert, which opened the Anatolian gate to the Turks.

Romanian Diogenes, an officer who had risen to high ranks in the Byzantine army, was captured in Hadrianopolis (Edirne) in 1067, when he was the stratego (military governor) of Triaditza (Sofia), and brought to Constantinople (Istanbul) due to the revolt he started in 1067, shortly after the death of Constantine X.

When he was sentenced to death, he caught the interest of the regent Eudokia and was pardoned, and later became Emperor when he married the Queen on 1 January 1068. After the death of Constantine X (1059-1067), Empress Eudokia, who took over the regency due to the childhood of her three sons, married Roman Diogenes in 1068 and enabled her to become emperor.

Roman Diogenes returned to Constantinople in the early 1070s without making any concrete gains from the campaign he opposed the Turks, who had aggravated their raids into Anatolia in March 1068, in order to gain military successes to strengthen his position against his opponents. In the spring of 1071 he went on his last campaign against the Turks.


The Byzantine Emperor Romanian Diogenes, who learned that Alp Arslan was on the Egypt Campaign, went to Azerbaijan and decided to capture the Turkish castles and throw the Turks out of Anatolia. Romanian Diogenes added Frank, Norman, Slavic, Georgian, Abaza, Armenian and Pecheneg and Oghuz Turks who did not accept Islam living in Rumelia to his army. On March 13, 1071, the Byzantine army of 200,000 people set out from Istanbul. He reached Manzikert via Erzurum.

Although he won some successes against the Seljuks in 1068 and 1069, he was defeated in the Battle of Manzikert with the Seljuk Army under the command of Alp Arslan on August 26, 1071 and was captured. The proud Byzantine Emperor Diogenes, who could not do anything despite his fighter, was taken prisoner with his entire entourage while wounded.


Sultan Alp Arslan forgave the emperor, who was brought before the war, in a way he never expected. A peace treaty was signed in return for the Byzantine emperor to pay war indemnity and to send soldiers to the Seljuk army every year in case of tribute and need. He was released a week later by making a friendship and non-aggression pact with Alp Arslan.

Upon the news of the defeat reaching Byzantium, X. Constantine’s brother Ioannes asked Empress Evdokia to leave the palace and her son VII. He made Michael proclaimed emperor.

Roman Diogenes made Amesia (Amasya) his base with the forces he gathered from the remnants of the army scattered in Anatolia while returning. Although he lost the war in Dokeria (Tokat) against the armies of those who had deposed him and took refuge in Adana Castle, he was defeated by another Byzantine army in the summer of 1072 and was captured. He was taken on mule back from Adana to Cotiaecum (Kütahya).


On June 29, 1072, he was sent to Proti Island (Kınalıada) with a mile in his eyes in Kütahya. He died there on August 4, 1072, at the age of 42, from his wounds.

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